On March 15th 2019, indigenous protesters blocked the important Panamericana at several locations
On March 15th 2019, indigenous protesters blocked the important Panamericana at several locations | Photo: picture alliance/ZUMA Press

A punto de escalar: grupos indígenas se movilizan en contra del gobierno en Colombia

Desde el 10 de Marzo de 2019, grupos indígenas en el suroccidente Colombiano protestan. La actual radicalización de la Minga, demuestra no solamente la negligencia del gobierno y los temores de seguridad, sino que representa también un síntoma de los reclamos entre los grupos marginalizados: La Minga se convirtió rápidamente en un extenso movimiento con vías bloqueadas, en especial la vía Panamericana, con más de 20.000 personas involucradas y confrontaciones violentas con las fuerzas de seguridad nacional en los bloqueos. Esta movilización social en el medio de un conflicto violento con grupos armados está a punto de escalar violentamente, pero también ofrece una ventana de posibilidad para hacer presión al gobierno frente a nuevas reformas.

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On March 15th 2019, indigenous protesters blocked the important Panamericana at several locations
On March 15th 2019, indigenous protesters blocked the important Panamericana at several locations | Photo: picture alliance/ZUMA Press

On the brink of escalation: indigenous groups mobilize against the government in Colombia

Since March 2019, indigenous people in the South-Western part of Colombia mobilize. Systematic neglect by the government and security fears have contributed to widespread grievances among marginalized groups in the country, explaining the radicalization of the Minga in the last weeks: It quickly became a broad movement with road blocks at the crucial Panamericana road with more than 20.000 people involved and violent confrontations with security forces. Given the specific setting with social mobilization in the midst of an ongoing conflict with armed groups, the Minga is on the brink of violent escalation. But it also offers a window of opportunity to pressure the government to further reforms.

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Demonstration der Mapuche
Protests for justice, territory and self-determination of Mapuche communities. | Photo: Astorga Pablo | CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

How the Chilean government deals with the Mapuche conflict

The 14th of November 2018, the Chilean police shot the 24-year-old Mapuche activist Camilo Catrillanca in the municipality of Ercilla in the south of Chile. This incident received international media attention, but it is only one chapter in a long-lasting dispute over territory and autonomy between the indigenous Mapuche community and the Chilean state. Mapuche communities in Chile are demanding the restitution of territories, which were taken from their ancestors by the state. In order to defend and recover their land, some Mapuche organizations use arson attacks and land occupations. The Chilean government is responding with special operations units to ’control’ the conflict.

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