To foster agency for African actors, it is necessary for all involved to deal with the colonial heritage that is still inherent to peace processes. |
Photo: Chang Qing on Unsplash | Free Use

Non-State Actors in Peace and Security in Africa: Inclusion on Paper but not in Practice

In a speech at the fifth United Nations-African Union Annual Conference on 1 December 2021 in New York, Secretary General of the United Nations António Guterres called for continued unity and a high standard of regional co-operation on the African continent. According to Guterres, examples of this high standard of cooperation can be seen in the joint missions and collaborative frameworks designed to overcome both new and old challenges around peace and security. However, since not only states play a vital role in this unity it is important to review the role of non-state actors in peace and security on the African continent.

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In Gambia voting is done by casting a glass marble in one of the containers that are painted in the respective candidate’s color. | Photo: flickr, Commonwealth Secretariat | CC BY-NC 2.0

#GambiaDecides2021: A Sign of Democratic Hope?

Wherever you go in the Gambia, you will find people in the streets chattering about the presidential election surrounded by an air of excitement. Gambians call this chatter ‘gisgis’ and it is all about politics these days. On 4 December 2021, Gambians went to the polls. The first elections without the former 22 year-long president Yahya Jammeh contesting passed peacefully. His successor Adama Barrow, elected in 2016 quite surprisingly, was confirmed in power. With that, the Gambia passed a litmus test: having decided for continuity in times of change, Gambians send a strong signal of democratic practice to the region.

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Welche Afrika-Politik formulieren die verschiedenen Parteien im Wahlkampf 2021? | Photo: flickr, Paul Kagame. | CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Zusammenarbeit mit Afrika: Parteipolitische Positionen im Vergleich

In ihren afrikapolitischen Leitlinien von 2019 beschreibt die amtierende deutsche Bundesregierung die Zukunft Europas und Afrikas als „untrennbar verbunden“ und strebt an, die Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Kontinenten zu intensivieren. Abseits der zentralen Themen, die im Vorfeld der Bundestagswahl 2021 den Wahlkampf dominieren, lohnt demnach auch ein Blick auf jene, die weniger im öffentlichen Fokus stehen, darunter zum Beispiel die afrikapolitischen Positionen der Parteien. Wie äußern sich also die Parteien im Vorfeld der Bundestagswahl 2021 mit Blick auf den afrikanischen Kontinent?

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